Formerly Used Defense Sites

Formerly Used Defense Sites | Site History

1986: FUDS refer to real properties that were formerly owned by, leased to, possessed by, or otherwise under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense or the Components prior to October 17. This includes manufacturing facilities for which real property accountability rested with the DoD but were operated by contractors (Government owned-contractor operated properties).

A large majority of FUDS are from World War II era activities. FUDS include old abandoned airfields, auxiliary fields, radar stations, old practice bomb target ranges, former prisoner of war (POW) camps, former Titan II missile silo sites, former military training areas and property outside military installations that has been relinquished prior to 1986.

2002: There have been more than 300 sites investigated in Arizona for eligibility by the USACE. Many sites were duplicates, still active or otherwise ineligible. The USACE has now determined 206 sites in Arizona to be eligible for cleanup under the Defense Environmental Restoration FUDS program. Through the Arizona management action plan (MAP) prepared by USACE in cooperation with EPA, ADEQ and various stakeholders, 103 properties were determined to have potential projects. A complete inventory of FUDS properties is maintained through the MAP. The MAP inventory document contains a brief description of the FUDS program, a fact sheet on each of the sites and a CD that contains the initial inventory project reports.

Inventory project reports have been prepared by the USACE and contain site history, determination of eligibility, site visit summaries and site maps. Investigations into FUDS are ongoing and often involve completing an archive search report to determine the history of the site and identify possible areas of concern.

2003: Past FUDS projects have included the former Kingman Army Airfield, which is now the Kingman Airport. All but a few of the original Kingman Army Airfield buildings have been removed. The property was formerly used as a support facility for aircraft training and has been redeveloped as an industrial business park. Projects included the treatment of dross contamination and construction of an asphalt tarmac paved cap. Various fuel oil tanks were removed and soils around former buildings were investigated and determined to warrant no further action. A no further action decision document for the buildings, sewer line and wastewater treatment plant was approved by ADEQ in February. A 30,000 and a 250 gallon reinforced concrete underground storage tank (UST) were removed in April at the Hackberry water booster station, and a completion report was approved by ADEQ. In April, an above-ground storage tank was removed from the Tacna Gap Filler Annex and the project was completed with concurrence by ADEQ.

2004: Two underground concrete storage tanks were removed at the Kingman Gunnery Range and further characterization and disposal of soils for UST #2 was completed in September. The Winslow Air Force Station was investigated for verification that all of the USTs were removed and no environmental hazards remain. Removal of two 40 foot high above ground storage tanks at the former Douglas Army Airfield (now the Bisbee-Douglas Airport and Prison Complex) was completed in September. The tanks were used to supply aircraft fuel to the Airfield during WWII.

2005: Williams Field Bomb Target Range #6 is a one square mile area that was used for bomb practice in WWII. The site is located 22 miles east of Florence, Arizona, just south of the Florence-Kelvin Highway. There are 24 similar practice bomb targets located throughout Arizona which were used during WWII that have confirmed 100 pound practice bombs or dummy bomb debris. The USACE completed an ordnance investigation known as an engineering evaluation/cost analysis to determine further remedial recommendations. A meeting with the stakeholders, public and property owners was held in November in Florence to discuss the proposed plan of practice bomb surface debris removal and institutional controls. ADEQ requested soil sampling during the removal action.

A kick-off meeting for the former Sahuarita Air Force Range located in the Town of Sahuarita, southeast of Tucson, was held on September 8th. A site investigation was conducted under the MMRP for the four practice bomb targets, air to ground, ground to air range, and the landing strip. Twenty to thirty homes have been built within a mile of the north and south bomb targets. Limited surface water and soil samples were taken at each of the ranges for contamination by munitions constituents.

The Prisoner of War (POW) Camp Eloy was investigated for potential soil contamination. A water tower was dismantled for safety reasons along with filling up a swimming pool used during WWII. ADEQ issued a concurrence letter that the project was complete in January.

2006: An asphalt cap was constructed at the Kingman Airport over several trenches containing dross material with elevated levels of arsenic, cadmium and other metals. ADEQ discussed requirements for a Declaration of Environmental Use Restriction (DEUR), and maintenance plans with USACE and the Kingman Airport Authority. ADEQ conducted inspections of the cap and noted several issues.

2007: The MMRP completed ten site investigations (SIs) at FUDS munitions sites including former Sahuarita Air Force Range, Williams Bomb Target Practice Ranges #4, 9, 10, Palo Alto Precision Bomb Target #3, Laguna Maneuver Areas #3, 5, 6 and Camp Horn. The surface removal of munitions debris from 100-pound practice bombs at the Williams Field Bomb Target Range #6 near Florence, AZ, was completed.